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時間:2022-08-18 來源:本站 點擊:258次

Chinese tea culture traced back to 400 B.C.******

JINAN, Dec. 1 (Xinhua) -- An archaeological team from Shandong University, in east China's Shandong Province, has found the earliest known tea remains in the world, dating back about 2,400 years.。

The discovery traced physical evidence of the origin of China's tea culture back to the early stage of the Warring States Period (475-221 B.C.), namely from 453 B.C. to 410 B.C. It extends the age of the beverage, as suggested by previous studies, by more than 300 years.。

The tea samples, which have proved to be the residues of brewed tea, were excavated from ancient tombs in Zoucheng, Shandong Province.。

From August to December 2018, the team, led by professor Wang Qing from Shandong University, conducted archaeological excavations in the ruins of an ancient city, which was built in the Spring and Autumn period (770-476 B.C.) and the subsequent Warring States period.。

According to the researchers, the stem-and-leaf-like carbonized residues found in an inverted porcelain bowl were later proven highly likely to be ancient tea.。

Subsequent data showed that the caffeine and theanine contents in the residues were low or even absent. Since these two substances are easily soluble in water, the researchers concluded that the unearthed tea samples were the dregs left by the ancients after boiling.。

The findings were published in the Chinese-language Journal of Archaeology and Cultural Relics. Enditem。

China's traditional medicine literacy rate increases: survey******

BEIJING, Oct. 26 (Xinhua) -- China's health literacy rate for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) increased by 8 percent during the 13th Five-Year Plan period (2016-2020), according to a survey released by the National Administration of TCM.

The TCM literacy rate refers to the percentage of people with a basic understanding of the fundamental ideas, healthy lifestyle, therapy, cultural context, and information of TCM among the whole population.

Last year saw the highest growth rate in TCM literacy thanks to the in-depth participation of TCM and the wide-reaching dissemination of relevant knowledge during the fight against COVID-19, the administration said.

Next, the administration vowed to further promote TCM to the public, especially in schools, and increase TCM coverage through a multi-media approach. Enditem

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Xavi confirmed as new FC Barcelona coach until 2024******

MADRID, Nov. 6 (Xinhua) -- FC Barcelona confirmed former player Xavi Hernandez as the long-term replacement to Ronald Koeman as first-team coach in the early hours of Saturday morning.。

The 41-year-old, considered to be one of the architects of Barcelona's trademark passing game, returns to the Camp Nou after Barca agreed terms with Qatari club Al-Saad, where he had been coaching since 2019.。

Xavi has agreed a contract until the end of June 2024 and will make his debut in the Barca dugout on November 20 in the derby against local rivals Espanyol, just three days before Barca plays Benfica in a Champions League game they need to win in order to qualify for the competition's knockout stages.。

The confirmation came at around 2am Spanish time after a confusing day in which Al-Saad had previously published a tweet informing that they had reached an agreement for Barcelona to pay Xavi's release clause, which was thought to be set at five million euros.。

Barcelona sources subsequently denied that, with later reports informing that the club and coach had paid 2.5 million euros each, although full details of the negotiation will not be made public until Xavi is officially presented on Monday.。

Xavi made his league debut as a Barcelona player in October 1998 when Louis van Gaal was first-team coach, and went on to make 767 first-team appearances for the club, scoring 85 goals and forming a key part of the most successful period in the club's history.。

He left Barcelona after 17 seasons in 2015 to end his playing career at Al-Saad in Qatar, taking over as the club's first-team coach in 2019 and leading them to the 2020-21 Qatari Stars League title, as well as the Qatari Cup in 2020 and 2021.。

His task now will be to rebuild a side that has been much-weakened after losing players such as Lionel Messi and Antoine Griezmann, and to oversee a generational change by bringing in new players to help replace veterans such as Gerard Pique, Sergio Busquets and Jordi Alba.。

Xavi had never made any secret of his desire to coach Barcelona, but confirmed that he had rejected previous offers to return to the Camp Nou because he didn't believe the time was right. Enditem。

Tombs discovered in east China possibly royal ones: experts******

HANGZHOU, Nov. 12 (Xinhua) -- A tomb complex that has been discovered in east China's Zhejiang Province is likely the royal one of an ancient kingdom known as "Gumie," archaeologists have said.。

The tomb complex, dating back to the Western Zhou Dynasty (1046-771 B.C.), is located in Qujiang District, Quzhou City. So far, six of the 10 tombs have been excavated, including four between 2018 and 2021.。

A large number of relics have been unearthed from the four tombs, including exquisite jade ware, porcelain, bronzeware and bronze chariots.。

"An archaeological study and analysis of the excavated artifacts have indicated that the tombs were built about 3,000 years ago from the early West Zhou Dynasty to the middle West Zhou Dynasty," said Zhang Sen, a staffer of the provincial institute of cultural relics and archaeology.。

Archaeologists said judging from the construction style and scale, the tombs are likely royal ones and might belong to the ruler of an ancient kingdom known as "Gumie," whose territory was mostly in today's Zhejiang.。

"The discoveries are of great significance to the studies of jade inheritance, the origin of porcelain, and the development of the funeral system," said Wang Wei, from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.。

Yang Jianwu, director of the provincial cultural relics bureau, said there are still many mysteries surrounding the tombs yet to be solved, as they are Western Zhou Dynasty tombs with the highest ranking discovered in the province. Enditem。

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